Psych 303: practice quiz ch. 14
1. Successful aging is similar to the concept of career age in its emphasis on optimal functioning.
2. Unlike the model of aging proposed by disengagement thoery, the model of successful aging regards social isolation as an essential component.
3. A person known as a "super-centenarian" is someone who is 110 years or older.
4. The social indicator model of well-being suggests that older adults who are happiest are the ones who are the most creative.
5. According to the social comparison perspective, people's personalities determine their levels of happiness and subjective well-being.
6. The definition of "subjective well-being" is that it represents overall sense of happiness.
7. Number of friends is a key component of subjective well-being.
8. According to the compositional fallacy, it is surprising that older adults are able to maintain high levels of well-being than would be suggested by their actual situtions in life.
9. Older adults most likely to use problem-focused coping as a way of adapting to stress tend to be high in self-efficacy.
10. The "Planck hypothesis" regarding age and productivity states that as artists become older, they have a tendency to paint with brighter colors.
11. The fashion designer Coco Chanel produced innovative designs throughout her entire life, suggesting that her creative potential was very high.
12. The total number of original ideas that an individual might be able to produce throughout life is known in Simonton's model as set point.
13. In Simonton's model, the rate at which a creative person develops new thoughts and that will late be developed into products is known as ideation.
14. It was not enough to have the idea to photograph his beloved Yosemite Park. Ansel Adams had to hike up to considerable heights in order to produce his artistic works, illustrating the creative process of integration.
15. According to the equal odds rule, an individual who produces many creative works will have a better chance of producing a major success.
16. Researchers believe that brain activation and the cognitive operations involved in creativity are related to high scores on the personality trait of extraversion.
17. The prefrontal cortex seems to serve as the basis for more creative ideas.
18. "Age busters" are defined as older adults who outperform expectations for people of their age.
19. Mental flexibility, passionate commitment to their discipline, and a focus on the future are the characteristics identified as crucial to the success of older creative geniuses.
20. In defining creativity with a "small c", researchers point out that activities such as gardening, cooking, and story-telling in late life can have the benefit of stimulating cognitive functioning.