Practice Quiz Ch. 15

1. Vibration is the act or sense of hearing.

2. The outer ear consists of the auricle and meatus.

3. If an individual is having difficult maintaining equilibrium, there may be a problem with the cochlea.

4. The decibel (dB) is the unit to measure sound intensity.

5. The hertz (Hz) is the unit used to measure loudness.

6. The age of onset is a critical factor in determining the cause of a hearing loss.

7. A person born with a hearing loss is likely to have the most significant challenge in the area of communication skills.

8. A conductive hearing loss may result in the reduction or loss of loudness.

9. The major cause of nongenetic congenital deafness is birth trauma.

10. Otitis media is a postnatal infection which causes inflammation of the middle ear.

11. Prolonged exposure to loud noises (i.e. occupational noise) puts a person at high risk for receptive aphasia.

12. Congenital deafness poses the greatest challenge for an individual to adequately communicate with the hearing world.

13. A student with a hearing loss will experience the greatest academic difficulty in the area of reading.

14. The Manual approach teaches communication skills that emphasize normal speech production, employs sound amplification and discourages sign language.

15. The Oral approach teaches communication skills that combine sound amplification with motor kinesthetic speech training.

16. Advocates of a bicultural-bilingual approach to communication training believe that English would be the primary language and ASL would be secondary.

17. Real time translation of the spoken word is available through a microcomputer system known as text telephone (TT).

18. The ADA mandates captioning for all television and movies.

19. An otologist is a medical specialist that can provide medical treatment or surgical intervention for hearing problems.

20. An audiologist conducts extensive physical examinations of the ear to identify syndromes associated with hearing loss.

21. Hearing aids are designed to increase the volume of sound.

22. For an individual who is deaf, information is primarily obtained through vision.

23. A central auditory disorder occurs when there is a dysfunction in the cerebral cortex.

24. For 1 out of 3 people with prelingual hearing loss, the cause is unknown.

25. Research on the intellectual characteristics of children with hearing loss has suggested that the distribution of IQ scores varies greatly from that of children with normal hearing.