ttttt SYLLABUS ttttt
Spring 2005 - Instructor: J. B. Pryor, Ph.D.
DATES LECTURE TOPICS
LECTURE TOPICS and OPTIONAL READINGS from my website
(Below is a detailed overview of the course along with some suggested readings for the student who wants to explore these topics at a greater depth.)
A. Overview of the course
B. Values clarification exercise
A. Ancient Greece and Rome
B. First century - early Christians and Stoic Philosophers
C. Middle Ages
D. 18th and 19th centuries - the beginning of the scientific perspective
E. 20th century - We have come a long way, baby, or have we?
Stone, L. (1985). Sex in the west. The New Republic, 193, 25-37.
Aries, P., & Bejin, A. (1985) Western sexuality: Practice and precept in past and present times. New York: Basil Blackwell.
Bullough, V. (1994). Science in the bedroom: A history of sex research. New York: Basic Books.
A. Psychoanalytic theory
B. Biological functionalism
C. Sexuality as motivation
D. Learning theory
E. Sociological approaches
D. Cross-cultural views
Buss, D. M. (1994). The evolution of desire. New York: Basic Books.
Freud, S. (1948). A general introduction to psychoanalysis. New York: Permabooks.
Wilson, E. O. (1975). Sociobiology: The new synthesis. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Gould, J. L., & Gould, C. G. (1989). Sexual selection. New York: W.H. Freeman.
Gagnon, J. H., & Simon, W. (1973). Sexual conduct: The social origins of human sexuality. Chicago: Aldine.
Ford, C., & Beach, F. A. (1951). Patterns of sexual behavior. New York: Harper & Rowe.
Suggs, D.N. & Miracle, A. W. (1993). Culture and Human Sexuality. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Williams, J. E., & Best, D. L. (1990). Sex and psyche: Gender and self viewed cross-culturally. Sage: Newbury Park, CA.
Tiger, L. (1992). The pursuit of pleasure. Boston: Little, Brown.
Symons, D (1979). The evolution of human sexuality. New York: Oxford University Press.
Gangestad, S. W., & Thornhill, R. (1997). Human sexual selection and developmental stability. Chapter in J. Simpson & D. Kenrick (Eds.). Evolutionary social psychology. (pp. 169-196). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
B. Clinical studies
C. Experiments and Quasi-experiments
Kinsey, A.,et al. (1948). Sexual behavior in the human male. Philadelphia: Saunders.
Kinsey, A., et al. (1951). Sexual behavior in the human female. Philadelphia: Saunders.
Masters, W., & Johnson, V. (1966). Human sexual response. Boston: Little Brown.
Heiman, J. (1975). The physiology of erotica: Women's sexual arousal. Psychology Today, 8, 90-94.
Byrne, D., & Kelley, K. (1986). Alternative approaches to the study of sexual behavior. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Michael, R. T., Gagnon, J. H., Laumann, E. O., & Kolata, G. (1994). Sex in America: A definitive survey. Boston: Little Brown.
Wiederman, M. W. (2001). Understanding sexuality research. Belmont, CA Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.
A. Prenatal sexual differentiation
B. Changes from childhood to puberty
C. Adult female anatomy
D. Adult male anatomy
Netter, F. H. (1965). Reproductive system. Summit, NJ: Ciba.
Lightfoot-Klein, H., Chase, C., Hammond, T., & Goldman, R. (2000). Genital surgery on children below the age of consent. Chapter in L. Szuchman & F. Muscarella (Eds.). (2000). Psychological perspectives on human sexuality. (pp. 440-479). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
A. General patterns in the Masters and Johnson framework
B. Physiological changes in:
1. Excitement Phase
2. Plateau phase
3. Orgasm Phase
4. Resolution Phase
C. Alternatives to Masters and Johnson:
1. Walen & Roth
2. Zibergeld and Ellison
D. Psychological processes during sexual response
Zibergeld, B., & Evans, M. (1980). The inadequacy of Masters and Johnson. Psychology Today, 14, 28-43.
Masters, W., & Johnson, V. (1976). The Pleasure Bond. New York: Bantam Books.
Walen, S., & Roth, D. (1987). A cognitive approach. Chapter in J. H. Geer & W. T. O'Donohue (Eds.) Theories of human sexuality. New York: Plenum.
A. Organic Problems
B. Psychological Problems - DSM categories
C. Techniques commonly used in therapy
Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th Edition) (1994).Washington, D.C.: American Psychaitric Association.
Leiblum, S. R., Rosen, R. C., et al. (Eds.) (2000). Principles and practice of sex therapy (3rd ed.). New York, NY, US: The Guilford Press.
B. Changes across the three trimesters
D. Labor and childbirth
Pritchard, J.A., & MacDonald, P. C. (1980). Williams obstetrics (16th ed.). New York: Appleton-Century Crofts.
White, S. E., & Reamy, K. (1982). Sexuality and pregnancy: A review. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 11, 429-444.
Bitzer, J., & Alder, J. (2000). Sexuality during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Journal of Sex Education & Therapy. 25(1), 49-58.
A. History of the birth control movement in the U.S.
B. Methods - how they work, pros and cons, effectiveness
C. Barriers against effective birth control amongst college students
Byrne, D., & Fisher, W. (1983). Adolescents, sex, and contraception. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Kaplan, L. J. & Tong, R. (1994). Controlling our reproductive destiny. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Fisher, W. (1984). Predicting contraceptive behavior among university men: The role of emotions and behavioral intentions. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 14, 104-123.
Hogan, D.,Sun, R., & Cornwell, G. T. (2000). Sexual and fertility behaviors of American females aged 15-19 years: 1985, 1990, and 1995. American Journal of Public Health. 90, 1421-4125.
C. Psychological Effects
Adler, N. David, H., Major, B., Roth, S., Russo, N., & Wyatt, G. (1992). Psychological factors in abortion: A review. American Psychologist, 47, 1194-1204.
Adler, Nancy E. (1989). University of California at San Francisco, Statement on Behalf of the American Psychological Association Before the Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee of the Committee on Governmental
Operations, U. S. House of Representatives: 130-140.
Adler, Nancy E., et al. (1990). Psychological Responses after Abortion. Science, 248(4951), 41-44.
Armsworth, Mary W. (1991). Psychological Response to Abortion. Journal of Counseling and Development, 69 (March/April), 377-379.
Ashton, J. R. (1980). The Psychological Outcome of Induced Abortion. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 87(12), 1115-1122.
Barber, Jennifer S., et al. (1999). Unwanted Childbearing, Health, and Mother-Child Relationships. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 40(3), 231-257.
Dagg, Paul K. B. (1991). The Psychological Sequelae of Therapeutic Abortion Ą Denied andCompleted. American Journal of Psychiatry,148(5), 578‹585.
Franz, Wanda & David Reardon. (1992). Differential Impact of Abortion on Adolescents and Adults. Adolescence, 27(105), 161-172.
Hayler, B. (1979). Abortion. Signs, 5, 307-323.
Lazarus, Arthur. (1985). Psychiatric Sequelae of Legalized First Trimester Abortion. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 4(3), 140-150.
Major, Brenda, et al. (1985). Attributions, Expectations, and Coping with Abortion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48(3), 585-599.
Major, Brenda, et al. (1990). Perceived Social Support, Self-Efficacy, and Adjustment to Abortion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychiatry, 59(3), 452-463.
Major, Brenda, et al. (1992). Male Partners’ Appraisals of Undesired Pregnancy and Abortion: Implications for Women’s Adjustments to Abortion. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 22(8), 599-614.
Moseley, D. T., et al. (1989). Psychological Factors that Predict Reaction to Abortion. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 37(2), 276‹279.
Russo, Nancy Felipe & Amy J. Dabul. (1997). The Relationship of Abortion to Well-Being: Do Race and Religion Make a Difference? Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 28(1), 23‹31.
Russo, Nancy Felipe & Kristin L. Zierk. (1992). Abortion, Childbearing, and Women’s Well-Being. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice,
Zabin, Laurie Schwab, et al. (1989). When Urban Adolescents Chose Abortion: Effects on Education, Psychological Status, and Subsequent Pregnancy.
Family Planning Perspectives, 21(6), 248‹255.
I. Genital Warts
J. Safer sex
Adler, N. (1994). Adolescent sexual behavior looks irrational--But looks are deceiving. Federation of Behavioral, Psychological and Cognitive Sciences: Washington, DC.
Brandt, A. M. (1985). No magic bullet: A social history of venereal disease in the United States since 1880. New York: Oxford University Press.
Catania, J., Kegeles, S., & Coates, T. (1990). Towards an understanding of risk behavior: An AIDS risk reduction model (ARRM). Health Education Quarterly, 17, 53-72.
J., Mensch, B., Miller, H., & Turner, C. (1990). AIDS and adolescents. In H.C. Miller, C.F. Turner, & L.E. Moses (Eds.) AIDS The second decade. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Fisher, J.D., & Misovich, S. (1990a). Evolution of college students' AIDS-related behavioral responses, attitudes, knowledge, and fear. AIDS Education and Prevention, 2, 322-337.
Fisher, J.D., & Misovich, S. (1990b). Social influence and AIDS preventive behavior. In J. Edwards, R.S. Tindale, L. Heath, & E.J. Posavac (Eds.) Social influence processes and prevention. New York: Plenum.
Gayle, H.D., Keeling, R.P, Garcia-Tunon, M., Kilbourne, B.W., Narkunas, J.P., Ingram, F.R., Rogers, M.F., & Curran, J.W. (1990). Prevalence of the human immunodeficiency virus among university students. The New England Journal of Medicine, 323, 1538-1541.
Kelly, J.A., St. Lawrence, J.S., Brasfield, T.L., Stevenson, L.Y., Diaz, Y.Y. & Hauth, A.C. (1990). AIDS risk behavior patterns among gay men in small southern cities. American Journal of Public Health, 80, 1-3.
Miller, L.C., Bettencourt, B.A., Hoffman, V., & DeBro, S. (1993). Negotiating safer sex: Interpersonal dynamics. In J.B. Pryor & G.D. Reeder (Eds.) The social psychology of HIV infection. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
National Commission on AIDS (June, 1993). Preventing HIV/AIDS in adolescents. DHHS, National AIDS Program Office: Washington, DC.
Pryor, J. B., Reeder, G. D., & Landau, S. (1999). A social psychological analysis of HIV-related stigma: A two-factor theory. American Behavioral Scientist, 42, 1193-1211.
Siegel, K., & Gibson, W. (1988). Barriers to the modification of sexual behavior among heterosexuals at risk for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. New York State Journal of Medicine, Feb., 66-70.
Peiperl, L., & Volberding, P. (2001). HIV InSite Knowledge Base. http://hivinsite.ucsf.edu/InSite?page=KB
A. Physiological and psychological variables that influence gender
B. Unusual chromosome patterns
C. Unusual hormonal influences
E. Third Sex individuals in other cultures
Money, J., & Ehrhardt, A. (1972). Man and woman, boy and girl. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins.
Dreger, A, D. (May/Jun 1998). Ambiguous sex--or ambivalent medicine?
The Hastings Center Report, 28(3). 24-35.
Colapinto, J. (2000). As nature made him: The boy who was raised as a girl. New York: Harpercollins.
A. Development of gender roles
B. Gender role stereotypes (GRS) - content
C. Influence of GRS on attribution
D. Influence of GRS on self perception
Eagly, A., & Wood, W. (1991). Explaining sex differences in social behavior: A meta-analytic perspective. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 17, 306-315.
Eagly, A., Makhijani, M. G., & Klonsky, B. G. (1992). Gender and the evaluation of leaders: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 111, 3-22.
Eagly, A., & Johnson, B. T. (1990). Gender and leadership style: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 108, 233-256.
Eagly, A. (1995). The science and politics of comparing women and men. American Psychologist, 50, 145-158.
Fiske, S. T., Bersoff, D. N., Borgida, E., Deaux, K., Heilman, M. E. (1991). Social science research on trial: Use of sex stereotyping research in Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins. American Psychologist, 46, 1049-1060.
Hyde, J. S. (1988). Gender differences in verbal ability: A meta-analysis- Psychological Bulletin,104, 53-69.
Spence, J. T., Deaux, K., & Helmreich, R. (1985) Sex roles in contemporary American society. In G. Lindzey & E. Aronson (Eds.) Handbook of social psychology, 3rd edition, New York: Random House.
Wood, W., & Eagly, A. H. (2002). A cross-cultural analysis of the behavior of women and men: Implications for the origins of sex differences. Psychological Bulletin, 128, 699-727.
B. Influence upon social interaction
Snyder, M., Tanke, E., & Berscheid, E. (1977). Social perception and interpersonal behavior: On the self-fulfilling nature of social stereotypes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 35, 656-666.
Deaux, K., & Lafrance, M. (1998). Gender. In D. T. Gilbert, S. T. Fiske, and G. Lindzey (Eds.), The handbook of social psychology (4th ed., Vol. 1, pp. 788-827). Boston: McGraw-Hill.
Glick, P., & Fiske, S. T. (1996). The Ambivalent Sexism Inventory: Differentiating hostile and benevolent sexism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 491-512.
A. How to measure androgeny
B. Relationship to social behavior
C. Gender schema theory
Bem, S. L. (1981). Gender schema theory. Psychological Review, 88, 354-364.
Spence, J. T., & Helmreich, R. (1978). Masculinity, and femininity: Their psychological dimensions, correlates, and antecedents. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Singer, J. (2000). Androgyny: The opposites within. York Beach, ME: Nicolas-Hays, Inc..
A. Proximity and mere exposure
B. Physical attractiveness
Aronson, E. (1994). The social animal (7th ed.). New York: Freeman.
A. Measures of liking and loving
B. Gender differences
F. Theories about mate selection
Berscheid, E., & Walster, E. (1978). Interpersonal attraction. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Buss, D. (1988) The evolution of human intrasexual competition: Tactics of mate selection. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 616-628.
Hatfield, E., Rapson, R.L. & Rapson R. (1995). Love and Sex: Cross-Cultural Perspectives. New York: Allyn & Bacon.
Sprecher, S., & Hatfield, E. (1996). Premarital sexual standards among U.S. college students: Comparison with Russian and Japanese students. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 25(3), 261-288
A. Roots of anti-homosexual prejudice
B. Frequency and patterns of homosexual behavior
C. Homosexual identity
Bailey, J., & Pillard, R. (1995). Genetics of human sexual orientation. Annual Review of Sex Research, 4, 126-150.
Garnets, L. D., & Kimmel, D. C. (Eds.) (2003). Psychological perspectives on lesbian, gay, and bisexual experiences (2nd ed.). New York, NY, US: Columbia University Press.
Herek, G.M. (1998). Stigma and sexual orientation: Understanding prejudice against lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Herek, G. M., (1989). Hate crimes against lesbians and gay men: Issues for research and policy. American Psychologist, 44, 948-955.
Herek, G. M. (1990a). Gay people and government security clearances: A social science perspective. American Psychologist, 45, 1035-1042.
Herek, G. M. (1990b). The context of anti-gay violence: Notes on cultural and psychological heterosexism. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 5, 316-333.
Herek, G M., & Berrill, K. T, (1992). Hate crimes: Confronting violence against lesbians and gay men. Newbury Park, London: Sage.
National Defense Research Institute (1993). Sexual orientation and U. S. military personnel policy: Options and Assessment. Santa Monica, CA: RAND.
Seltzer, R. (1992). The social location of those holding antihomosexual attitudes. Sex Roles, 26, 391-398.
Storms, M. (1981). A theory of erotic development. Psychological Review, 88, 340-353.
A. What is abnormal? What is normal?
D. Sadism and masochism
Bullough, V. L. (1976). Sexual variances in society and history. New York: Wiley.
Maletzky, B. M. (2000). Exhibitionism. Chapter in Hersen, M., Biaggio, M., et al. (Eds,) (2000). Effective brief therapies: A clinician's guide. (pp. 229-256). San Diego, CA, US: Academic Press,
Kafka, M. P. (2000). The paraphilia-related disorders: Nonparaphilic hypersexuality and sexual compulsivity/addiction. Chapter in S. R. Leiblum & R. Rosen (Eds.). Principles and practice of sex therapy (3rd ed.). (pp. 471-503). New York: The Guilford Press.
Sex and Aging
A. Physiological Changes
B. Social barriers
Brecher, E. M. (1984). Love, sex, and aging. Mount Vernon, NY: Consumers Union.
Kellett, J. M. (2000). Older adult sexuality. Chapter in L. T. Szuchman & (Ed), F. Muscarella, F. (Eds.), Psychological perspectives on human sexuality (pp. 355-379). New York, NY, US: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
A. Legal considerations
B. Psychopathological perspectives
C. Feminist perspectives
D. Cross-cultural studies
E. Rape victims
Brownmiller, S. (1975). Against our will: Men, women, and rape. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Burt, M. (1980). Cultural myths and supports for rape. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38, 217-230.
Dean, K. E., Malamuth, N. M. (1997). Characteristics of men who aggress sexually and of men who imagine aggressing: Risk and moderating variables. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology. 72, 449-455.
Groth, A. N. (1979). Men who rape: The psychology of the offender. New York: Plenum.
Koss, M. P., & Figueredo, A. J. (2004). Change in Cognitive Mediators of Rape's Impact on Psychosocial Health Across 2 Years of Recovery. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 72, 1063-1072.
Malamuth, N. (1981). Rape proclivities among men. Journal of Social Issues, 37, 138-157.
Malamuth, N. (1986). Predictors of naturalistic aggression.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 953-962.
Koss, M. P., Goodman, L. A., Browne, A., Fitzgerald, L. F., Keita, G. P., & Russo, N. F. (1994). No safe haven: Male violence against women at home, at work, and in the community. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Palmer, C. T. (1991). Human rape: adaptive or a by-product? Journal of Sex Research, 28, 365-386.
Buss, D. M., & Malamuth, N. (1996). Sex, power, conflict: Evolutionary and feminist perspectives. New York: Oxford University Press.
Schwartz, M. D., DeKeseredy, W. S. (1997 ). Sexual assault on the college campus: The role of male peer support. Thousand Oaks, CA, USA: Sage Publications.
A. EEOC guidelines
B. USMSPB survey
C. Interpretation issues
D. Characteristics of men who sexually harass
Pryor, J. B., & Meyers, A. B. (2000). Men who sexually harass women. In L. B. Schlesinger (Ed.), Serial Offenders: Current thought, recent findings, unusual syndromes (pp. 207-228)., Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press LLC.
Pryor, J. B., & Fitzgerald, L. F. (2003). Sexual harassment research in the United States. Chapter in StĆle Einarsen, Helge Hoel, Dieter Zapf & Cary L. Cooper (Eds.), Bullying and Emotional Abuse in the Workplace: International Perspectives in Research and Practice (pp.79-100). London: Taylor & Francis.
A. Meese commission report
B. Is violent porn increasing in frequency?
C. Is there a causal connection between exposure and sexual violence?
Malamuth, N., & Donnerstein, E. (1984). Pornography and sexual aggression. New York: Academic Press.
Malamuth, N. (1998) The confluence model as an organizing framework for research on sexually aggressive men: Risk moderators, imagined aggression, and pornography consumption. Chapter in R. G. Geen, E. Donnerstein, et al. (Eds), Human aggression: Theories, research, and implications for social policy. (pp. 229-245). San Diego, CA, USA: Academic Press.
Malamuth, N.M., Addison, T., & Koss, Mary. (2000). Pornography and sexual aggression: Are there reliable effects and can we understand them? Annual Review of Sex Research, 11, 26-91.